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Magna Grecia, un invito al viaggio

An invitation to voyage - Colonial Model

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An invitation to voyage
Early colony
Colonial Model
Metapontum foundation
Siris colonisation
Sanctuaries and buildings
Rome presence
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Slowly the colonial model imposed itself; a model that apart from the foundation of a polis lead to the occupation and control of the territory and the expulsion of the indigenous population towards the interior. There followed a clear economic and cultural contrast -accentuated through time- between the occupied coastline intensely occupied by the Greeks (paral├Ča), and the inlands left to the indigenous population (mesogaia).

The founding of a colony called for good knowledge of the territory and careful logistic organisation. Economic and productive requirements often prompted the colonisers to search for places that had similar climactic characteristics to their native land so they could cultivate the same crops. After thorough research Paleo-botanists have proved the presence of broad beans (Vicia faba), as an important part of their diet grown mainly in domestic vegetable gardens and vetch, (Vicia), maybe as animal fodder

Moreover grapes and barley appeared while the absence of olives is explained, currently, by the small amount of samples available. A short while after the installation of the colony they began to produce grapes, wheat with husks, barley and vetch.

In the second half of the 7th century B.C. Greek settlers coming from Acaia and North Peloponnese founded a new town between the mouth of the Bradano and Basento rivers requested by the Sybarites, who were worried about the possible expansion of the Tarantines in the Ionic Gulf region.


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